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El Castillo Cave I and its Rock Art List



Preview Edition

  • 40 photos(about1280x1000, 1470x980/JPEG) .
  • Commentary by César González Sainz & Roberto Cacho Toca, Univ. of Cantabria.
  • Royality Free for private and educational use.
The commentary of photos is omitted in this list except the first photo. Please go to Kagi store to purchase the photo package to see and use all other contents.

Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca2298_090
Description: Panel of "Polychromes"
Depiction: Bison, horse, hind, hand, circular sign
Chronology:
Techniques:
Comment:
The Polychrome Frieze in Cueva de El Castillo is one of the most complex and interesting panels of Paleolithic art in the Cantabrian region. The figures were painted at different times throughout the Upper Paleolithic. The oldest motifs are several negative hand images (CA014_1), painted by spraying red pigment, and similar to those a few meters further inside the cave, in the "Gallery of the Hands". Hand images are not too common in the Cantabrian region, but can be seen in such caves as Altamira, Fuente del Salin and La Garma. Superimposed on the hands, a second phase of painting depicts several animals and signs in red. Two small figures of hinds (CA023_1 and CA021_1) and a circular sign (CA024_1) are found in the center of the panel. Equally, in the top right corner of the panel there are a large figure of a horse, a stag’s head (CA019_1), and the head of a second horse (CA018_1). Beneath this last animal, a hind (CA017_1) and a large bison (CA015_1) are depicted. The third decorative phase is represented by several bison that, from the technical point of view, were all painted in black occasionally combined with red. One of these bison (CA013_1) is in a very similar posture to some of the figures in Altamira. Several of these bison have been dated by carbon-14. The results show that the bison were not all painted at the same time, and the one on the left (CA020_1) with a date of about 13,550 BP is somewhat older the others, dated to about 13,000 BP.
Location: Outside
Photo ID: ca2298_094
Description: Mt.Castillo
Depiction: Mt.Castillo
Chronology:
Techniques:
Comment:
Mt.Castillo. El Castillo cave is opened halfway up to this mountain.
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca001_2
Description: Engraved ibex
Depiction: Ibex
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca001_3
Description: Engraved horse and non-figurative paintings
Depiction: Horse, non-figurative line
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca002_4
Description: Engravings of deer
Depiction: Stag, hind
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca002_5
Description: Engraving of a stag
Depiction: Stag
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca002_6
Description: Engraving of a stag
Depiction: Stag
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca002_7
Description: Engraving of a stag
Depiction: Stag
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca2298_073/ca001_3
Description: Engraved horse and non-figurative paintings
Depiction: Horse, non-figurative line
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca2298_075/ca001_2
Description: Engraved ibex
Depiction: Ibex
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA01
Photo ID: ca2298_067/ca002_4
Description: Engravings of deer
Depiction: Stag, hind
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA02
Photo ID: ca069_1
Description: Engraved and striated hind's head
Depiction: Hind
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA02
Photo ID: ca070_1
Description: Indeterminate engraved animal
Depiction: Indeterminate animal
Chronology: ?
Techniques: Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA02
Photo ID: ca072_1
Description: Red human figures or anthropomorphs
Depiction: Human figure, anthropomorph
Chronology: Post Paleolithic
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA03
Photo ID: ca005_1
Description:Ibex in black
Depiction: Ibex
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA03
Photo ID: ca006_1
Description: Red signs
Depiction: Sign
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA03
Photo ID: ca007_1
Description: Remains of possible Post-Paleolithic anthropomorphic figures
Depiction: Anthropomorph?
Chronology: Post paleolithic
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA04
Photo ID: ca004_1
Description: Auroch in black
Depiction: Auroch
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA04
Photo ID: ca008_1
Description: Stag in red
Depiction: Stag
Chronology: Style III. Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.19000-16000 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA04
Photo ID: ca009_1
Description: Feline in black
Depiction: Feline
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA04
Photo ID: ca010_1
Description: Ibex in black
Depiction: Ibex
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA04
Photo ID: ca011_1
Description: View of a panel with black paintings
Depiction: Black paintings
Chronology: ?
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA04
Photo ID: ca2298_076/ca009_1
Description: Feline in black
Depiction: Feline
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca013_1
Description: Bison in a similar style to the bison in Cueva de Altamira
Depiction: Bison, hind, circular sign, negative hand
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint and Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca013_2
Description: Bison
Depiction: Bison
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint and Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca014_1
Description: Negative hand image
Depiction: Hand
Chronology: Style II. Gravettian-Lower Solutrean. ca.27000-19000 BP
Techniques: Sprayed
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca014_2
Description: Bichrome bison
Depiction: Bison
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca015_1
Description:Large red bison (detail)
Depiction: Bison
Chronology: Style III/IV. Solutrean-Upper Magdalenian. ca.19000-11500 BP
Techniques:
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca016_1
Description: Hind in red
Depiction: Hind
Chronology: Style III. Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.19000-16000 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca017_1/ca016_1
Description: Hind in red
Depiction: Hind
Chronology: Style III. Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.19000-16000 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca018_1
Description: Horse's head in red
Depiction: Horse
Chronology: Style III/IV. Solutrean-Upper Magdalenian. ca.19000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca019_1
Description: Large horse (detail)
Depiction: Horse, stag
Chronology: Style III/IV. Solutrean-Upper Magdalenian. ca.19000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca020_1
Description: Bison in black
Depiction: Bison
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca021_1
Description: Hind in red
Depiction: Hind
Chronology: Style III. Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.19000-16000 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca022_1
Description: Superimposition of animals, hands and signs
Depiction: Hind, bison, hand, non-figurative lines
Chronology:
Techniques: Paint and Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca023_1
Description: Hind in red
Depiction: Hind
Chronology: Style III. Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.19000-16000 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca024_1
Description: Oval sign with a central gap
Depiction: Oval sign
Chronology: Style II/III. Gravettian-Solutrean-Lower Magdalenian. ca.27000-16000 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca02298_082/ca013_1
Description: Bison in a similar style to the bison in Cueva de Altamira
Depiction: Bison, hind, circular sign, negative hand
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques:Paint and Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca2298_084/ca014_2
Description: Bichrome bison
Depiction: Bison
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint and Engraving
Comment:
Location: CA05
Photo ID: ca2298_086/ca020_1
Description: Bison in black
Depiction: Bison
Chronology: Style IV. Magdalenian. ca.16000-11500 BP
Techniques: Paint
Comment:


Photographed by Takeo Fukazawa & Co-Project Team of Texnai Inc. and the University of Cantabria
Comment by César González Sainz & Roberto Cacho Toca, Univ. of Cantabria

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